Archive for Simple living

Buy local

NOTE: This sermon comes courtesy of the Sustainable Sanctuary Coalition.

By Terry Wiggins
All Souls Unitarian Universalist Church, Kansas City, MO

“In reality, most people don’t change when you tell them they should, they change when they tell themselves they must.”  So said New York Times columnist Tom Friedman.  I want to share some information that might enable you to change if you determine that you want to.

I’ll start with an issue of Ode magazine from our church Library.  On the cover:  “Close to home / Truly fresh food is back in style as we rediscover the pleasure of markets and nearby farms / Indeed, Local is the new organic (but that doesn’t mean you can’t enjoy your coffee and bananas.)”

The article points out that even as farmers of Nebraska are going broke, the state spends hundreds of millions on food grown out-of-state.  The apparent abundance on the fields of America’s breadbasket and in America’s supermarkets is in contrast to the economic hardship that farmers are feeling.  Big ag and big oil are profiting.

It’s not a new thing that the economics of agriculture in this country are haywire, but — oil companies you ask?  Yes, indeed.  Fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides are all made from petrochemicals.  Farm machines run on oil.  And our food is transported an average of 1500 miles to reach us.

What’s a healthy response to this situation?  We want one that can support our farmers, our communities, and is enjoyable and healthy for our children and ourselves.  One alternative is farmers’ markets.  Kansas City is very lucky to have not just one, but 3, ORGANIC farmer’s markets.  And I really don’t know how many farmers’ markets there are in total in the metro. Even if the food you purchase at a farmers’ market or roadside stand is not organic, it’s still better to purchase locally produced food that doesn’t leave the farmer inadequately compensated.  Nor does local food require the packaging, refrigeration, and transport that generate huge amounts of waste and pollution. Nor does it have the additives and preservatives in order to endure the journey, nor does it encounter as many opportunities for contamination.

Another alternative to supporting “Big Ag” is to buy a CSA.  CSA stands for “Community Supported Agriculture”.  The basic principle is that you buy a share of your farmer’s production.  CSAs work in a variety of ways.  Some collect the money up front, so they have money to buy seeds.  Some have you pick up at the farm or at a store or at a location in your neighborhood, and some deliver to your house.  But the key is cutting out the middle people.  The farmer is guaranteed a fair price.   You get more nutritious and tasty food right off the farm.

And if investing in local or organic food — yes, it will seem like investing, because it’s often pricier than industrial food – doesn’t seem political enough for you, I present you the issue of CAFOs.  CAFO stands for Confined Animal Feeding Operation.  These are the factory farms where the pigs and chickens are permanently confined in pens or cages, from birth through slaughter.  The cows are fattened up in feeding lots.  The animals are fed lots of hormones and other chemicals.  Besides being cruel for the animals, CAFOs are dangerous in that they create more manure than the local fields can absorb, so they pollute the air and water around them.

I close with words of Wendell Berry that I found in Fatal Harvest: The Tragedy of Industrial Agriculture:

“[What I propose] is a revolt of small local producers and local consumers against the global industrialism of the corporation.  Do I think there is a hope that such a revolt can survive and succeed and that it can have a significant influence upon our lives and our world?

“Yes, I do.  It is now possible for farmers to sell their products at a premium to local customers.  This market is being made by the exceptional goodness and freshness of the food, by the wish of urban consumers to support their farming neighbors, and by the excesses and abuses of the corporate food industry.”

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Daily Prayer and Family Life

By Ryann Kuykendall

Sleeping in is a rarity but it is something I try to sneak in now and again, especiallyon dark winter mornings. But then I hear my two children running up and down the stairs. And soon after awakening, the children at my clinic site come to mind and I put my feet on the floor. My days are busy, not unlike most mothers all around the world. My day generally begins at 6:30 a.m. and many nights I get home after 7:30 p.m. because of classes and clinic. Then looking over the kids’ homework, cooking, studying and being a wife and mother begin. Going to the grocery store alone is a luxury. The weekends are my time to recollect and clean. Often times this busy schedule only allows me to steal time for reflection and prayer in car drives and walks to class. Thankfully my husband supports me in my dreams and is every bit the 21st century dad. He picks the kids up from school, listens to their woes and championships, reads to them, and breaks up bickering matches. We work as a team raising these two children. There is a great spirituality in what we share. The gift is something I don’t have the rights words to express. I love every minute of the madness.

I don’t think there is any mistake that God choose to send Jesus to be a part of a family. Being a part of a family mirrors the relationship God shares with us. Our parents will love us despite all our mistakes, even wrecking the family car (which I have done twice). My favorite piece of art in my childhood home is a small ivory sculpture of Mary holding the infant Jesus close to her cheek. The image is so sweet and pure. It is a reminder that like God, our parents can’t guarantee us earthly happiness, but they will support us and hold us close. Being a part of a family also teaches us how to work together. I often wonder what daily life was like for Mary and Joseph. What did they do to keep life flowing smoothly?

I once had a friend tell me that I wasn’t that busy and at first I was extremely annoyed by this comment. I often thought afterwards, “Does she have any idea all that I do?!” Later I realized that I don’t know what her daily life is like. To her maybe I do appear to be at leisure. More than that, maybe she sees that my husband, children and I live a life of peace despite our hectic routine.

One thing I do to keep peace in my heart is each morning and evening I read the same prayer. It is hanging where we all can read it while brushing our teeth. I don’t know the author and it is simply entitled My Daily Prayer:

Heavenly Father, walk with me today, and grant that I may hear your footsteps and gladly follow where they lead. Talk with me today and grant that I may hear your tender voice, and quicken to its counsel. Stay with me today and grant that I may feel your gentle presence in all I do, say and think. Be my strength when I fear. Help me to know that it is your hand holding mine through all the hours of the day. And when night falls, grant that I may know I rest in your Sacred Heart. Amen

This prayer is simple but means a lot to me. I believe asking for help gives me strength to start and end my day as loving part of family. Some days I fail to meet my expectations for myself, but the next morning I wake up to the charging children, read my prayer and I am inspired to begin again.

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The gift of change

By Ryann Kuykendall

The beginning of the year is a common time to want to make a change. I will admit that I am working on becoming into a more patient driver. While watching the 2008 presidential hopefuls debate and give speeches, change is a definite theme.

My first role model of change was Jesus. It goes without saying how Jesus changed the world. My parents taught me to look to Jesus for strength and knowledge of how to love. My most memorable lesson took place sitting in the old farm truck with my mom when I told her that I wished I wasn’t expected to do so much. I didn’t want to do my chores. She was not impressed. My mom told me the parable of the silver pieces from Matthew 25:14-30. My understanding of the story was that I was given many gifts and I am expected to take them and change them into reflections of God. This is my favorite parable and inspires me when I feel like being lazy.

So how can we use our gifts and our chores to change the world here in Kansas City? In my home we are beginning by trying to be more environmentally aware. Recycling is second nature because of the blue bins we can sit at our curb each week. As a mother this is a great way to teach our two children what a positive difference they can make. According to the Kansas City Public Works in 2006, KC Recycles collected approximately 19,000 tons of material. Things that can not be put in the blue bin are driven to the local recycling center. We reuse clean aluminum foil. We bring our own reusable bags to the grocery store. My witty husband likes to tease me that we are saving the world one plastic bag at a time. As our old traditional light bulbs burn out, we replace them with the newer energy compact fluorescent light bulbs. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, if every American home replaced just one light bulb with an ENERGY STAR qualified bulb, we would save enough energy to light more than 3 million homes for a year, more than $600 million in annual energy costs, and prevent greenhouse gases equivalent to the emission of more than 800,000 cars. My husband and I force our children out of the shower after a few minutes instead of letting them fill the tub to their delight. We have insulated our home as best we are able. We use cleaning products and beauty products that are environmentally-friendly. We buy locally when possible and mulch what we are able. An added bonus to all of this is that these changes actually save us money too.

Really these changes we have made are not that amazing, but I like to think that they are making this wonderful world a little better. The next thing I would like to do is to set up a rain barrel. I tried to do this as a pre-teen after reading The Clan of the Cave Bear because the heroine washed her hair with river water and rain water was the closest thing to me. I failed the experiment and ended up being the butt of many (additional) jokes from my older brothers. Now older I would like to use the fresh and clean water for my garden and take advantage of water that would otherwise go in my street gutters. Annually Kansas City receives an average of 35.5” rainfall per year. As much as 600 to 1,000 gallons of water can be received from an inch of rainfall. That is pretty cool.

The 11-year-old version of me whining in the truck didn’t want to do my chores. Now raising a family and being a part of a marriage, family and community, I admit I still whine about what must be done. It is hard to see the chance to change the world by doing a pile of dirty laundry, however the chores we do can be done with an awareness of the gifts we have been given so lovingly.

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Winter nature walks

By Phyllis Price

My walks with nature are essential to preserve the tranquility and peace of my soul, and to enable me to regroup after a busy or stressful week.

I lived many years in Chicago and was very fortunate. I lived close enough to the lake front to get to there easily. Winters in Chicago can be brutal but we would sometimes have a few days where those hail and hearty souls would venture out, having been trapped inside for weeks at a time listening to the weatherman say, “Don’t go outside unless you have to and if you do go outside cover all exposed flesh.” I was one of those individuals. I checked the temperature by going outside to determine if I should take the risk. Having Cabin Fever, I put on my fleece lined knee boots, my fur hat, my heavy gloves along with my sheep skin coat. If the walkway that extended out into the lake was not covered with ice I walked to the end and looked into the distance where the blue of the water merged with the blue of the sky, I knew I was staring into infinity and realized it is true, we are all one. I turned, look down the beach, saw nothing but pristine white snow untouched by man and marvel at how such a short time ago this same beach had been so very much alive and active with many laughing, screaming children and adults who had also come to pay homage to mother nature but in a much different way than I was doing today.

As I stood transfixed among the beauty and splendor, the stillness seemed to speak to me of silent strength, of ageless wisdom and beauty. Saying it is our time now to go within, to gain the strength, energy and vitality so much needed when the earth comes alive again in the spring. That we might share this with the humans who come to us tired and weary, so that they might go away refreshed and ready to reenter their world. But you are welcome here my friend. Come, join us, enjoy our solitude and peace that is so freely offered here. Welcome friend.

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A flock of chickens and world peace

By Ryann Kuykendall

Yesterday my children asked me what I want for Christmas. I told them what I always tell them, “I have all I want right here.” My husband wishes that I would tell him what I really want. But what I tell the children is the truth. I live a blessed life. My family is healthy, we love one another and look forward to our future.

It was a friend who first handed me a catalog from Heifer International. Finally I had the perfect idea for a gift my husband could buy me and for me to buy for others. Heifer International provides families across the world with training for how to take care of an animal and the livestock gift. The family then passes on the gift of the animal’s offspring and the knowledge they learned to another family in need. The organization believes peace begins when hunger ends. Since first reading the catalog, my family and I have donated animals in honor of my parents and friends.

This year I am a student speech language pathologist at Gladstone Academy in Kansas City, Missouri. Much to my delight last month at a school meeting, it was announced by the prinicipal that the holiday project for each class is to raise money to contribute to Heifer International. Later in a school bulletin, the good news was reported that each class will have $20 from the money raised for a school fundraiser to get started. More money can be added. Just $20 can buy a flock of chickens, ducks or geese. It is also possible to buy a share of a larger animal like a share of a llama or two shares of a goat or a pig.

I know from personal experience what a difference their fundraising will make. In the spring of 2006, I traveled to San Lucas, Guatemala to take part in a service project. One afternoon our group took a trip to the coffee fields, the reforestation program and to a little hut with cages of rabbits quietly munching on fresh green lettuce and sipping on their water bottles. It was one of the most adorable sights I have ever seen.

Despite their innate cuteness the older rabbits would soon be a source of protein for a family. The younger rabbits would grow to have babies of their own and thus beginning the cycle again. In the meantime their waste would be used as fertilizer. Some rabbits would be given to families in the area to start their own rabbit farm. This is a model example of Heifer International. The animals live a peaceful life and the family that takes care of them benefits in many ways. The family no longer remains dependent on other to provide nutritious food. They have a steady source of income. Most importantly they have a future and the best gift of all, hope.

There are other similar organizations and people that make a true difference. The point is not the amount of money you are able to give but that you do give your gifts and talents. These benevolent organizations and people remind me of the passage from Matthew 25 verse 40, “’Amen, I say to you, whatever you did for one of these least brothers of mine, you did for me.”

Heifer International

Homeboy Industries

Sangre de Cristo Health Project

Local projects to consider can be found in our links.

Also, take at look at KC Companies of Conscience

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‘Crossing the Desert’

Crossing the Desert: Learning to Let Go, See Clearly and Live Simply by Robert J. Wicks, copyright 2007, published by Sorin Books, Notre Dame, IN.Reviewed by Anna Foote

Robert Wicks knows something about the pressures encountered in reaching out to others.

A psychologist, Wicks has seen the aftermath of human destruction. In 1994, he debriefed relief workers who were evacuated from Rwanda in the midst of that country’s atrocious genocide. In 1993 and 2001, he worked in Cambodia, supporting the Khmer people who were trying to build up their nation by overcoming years of torture and terror. In 2006, he counseled health-care professionals who were treating American Iraqi war veterans who had been severely disabled by multiple amputations or head injuries.

In Crossing the Desert, Wicks makes it clear that psychology is not enough to sustain human spirituality in the face of evil. He turns to ancient Christian wisdom, the desert mothers and fathers of fourth century Egypt. Though he does not make a direct connection, it is clear Wick’s reliance on desert wisdom certainly helped him—and his patients—come to some amount of peace with the horrors they witnessed.

But doesn’t the act of reaching out to others contradict the notion of retreating to the desert? Wicks says no, that one reason the desert mothers and fathers retreated to the desert to gain a sense of perspective on themselves and on society. That’s perspectives that all activists and caregivers can use.

He writes, “The desert ammas and abbas of the fourth century saw that worry, tensions, pride, greed, fear, and a desire for power and fame filled much of the world, and even the church. This led them to embrace a spirit of letting go. It moved them to ask some form of the question: What am I filled with now that is holding me back? This is the most basic question all of us must deal with on the journey toward letting go of all that is unnecessary and destructive in ourselves.”

For those of us who are concerned about the violence in the world, and especially concerned about violence that finds its roots in our nation, the message is clear. We must figure out what we are filled with and let go of what is unnecessary, or we risk destructiveness.

One theme Wicks stresses in Crossing the Desert is that the desert monks did not retreat from society to escape, but to gain a sense of perspective that enhanced their freedom and that of others. Wicks insists that the desert model is one of community.

He writes, “To be concerned only with self-improvement and personal security or peace is to distort the very heart of the wisdom of the desert. The fruit of desert wisdom should, in fact, help us let go of what is unnecessary so we can be filled with good things in ways that will enhance rather than subdue our own freedom or that of others.”

That’s a key point for activists. Wicks—and the desert elders—suggest that we must step into the desert, be filled with its wisdom, then share the fruit of that wisdom in ways that enhance our freedom and the freedom of those we serve. If we are too busy to look for wisdom and perspective, how can we know our actions are right?

“Stepping into the desert” is a metaphor for gaining wisdom, a process the ammas and abbas insist begins with losing our attachment to the ways of the world. Wicks writes of the letting-go process of the desert leaders.

“As they sought to discover both God and their true selves,” he writes, “unexpected graces emerged. By appreciating their own ordinariness they were able to become free. And they became strong enough to help others experience the simple presence of God in themselves. They became gentle and strong enough to be truly compassionate.”

To become “gentle and strong enough to be truly compassionate” is good advice for all of us, especially if we’re concerned about bringing forth a good, just world.

And Wicks says if we follow desert wisdom and gain some of those unexpected graces, our gratitude spurs us to action.

“Once graced by God,” he writes, “are we showing gratitude through seeing, embracing, and acting upon these divine gifts?”

In keeping with desert wisdom, Wicks does not prescribe what that action should be. But he implies that if action comes from our center, it is right.

And Wicks recognizes that we will fail, as the ammas and abbas did. But wicks points out that the elders knew how to evaluate themselves without punishment.

“There are a number of reasons the Desert Fathers and Mothers could do this,” he writes. “They embraced sacred scripture and thus realized the role of grace and the place of God. They knew that falling short or sinning was natural. They also knew that they needed the word of God, and periods of silence and solitude so they could reassess their lives. They knew that they needed feedback from others and appreciated at a deep level that to try to do it on their own was pure folly.”

Here again, the importance of community in one’s desert journey is evident.

Suppose we succeed, bit by bit. How would our world improve, if one by one—together—we “embrace a spirit of letting go” as the wise ones of the desert did? If we let go of what holds us back, individually and as a community, we create space to be filled with what is good, and then we act to bring that goodness to bear in the world.

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People of faith unite: The moral imperative of the environmental crisis

NOTE: This sermon is shared from our partners at Sustainable Sanctuary Coalition. You can learn more about the coalition and read other sermons and essays they have posted at:

By The Rev. John Tamilio III
Colonial Church in Prairie Village, UCC

I: The Environmental Crisis

Roman Catholic theologian Hans Küng opens his 1993 book, Global Responsibility: In Search of a New World Ethic, with some sobering statistics:

· Every minute, the nations of the world spend 1.8 millions of US dollars on military armaments.

· Every hour, 1500 children die of hunger related causes.

· Every day, a species becomes extinct.

· Every week during the 1980s, more people were detained, tortured, assassinated, made refugee, or in other ways violated by acts of regressive regimes than at any other time in history.

· Every month, the world’s economic system adds over 7.5 billions of US dollars to the catastrophically unbearable debt burden of more than 1.5 trillion dollars now resting on the shoulders of Third World peoples.

· Every year, an area of tropical rainforest three-quarters the size of Korea is destroyed and lost.

· Every decade, if the present global warming trends continue, the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere could rise dramatically (between 1.5 and 4.5 degrees Celsius) with a resultant rise in sea levels that would have disastrous consequences, particularly for costal areas of all [the] earth’s land masses.

These claims by Küng affirmed what Lester Brown (the Former President of the environmental group Worldwatch Institute and winner of the United Nations’ 1989 environment prize) said a few years beforehand:

There are a half-dozen issues that loom large on our list of environmental threats. One is deforestation; another is soil erosion; a third is the build-up of greenhouse gases. The depletion of the ozone layer is a major problem. So is the loss of biological diversity, a loss of plant and animal species, that is; and finally, desertification, land degradation, broadly, has increased.

And still, history has taught us nothing. The situation is worse than what Küng and Brown described a decade ago. The environmental crisis still looms large as one of the greatest threats that all creation faces — it is a time-bomb waiting to detonate, its fuse burning shorter and shorter each day.

I believe that the root of this crisis lies in the loss of a covenantal ethic that honors the earth as a covenantal partner. Let me repeat that: the root of this crisis lies in the loss of a covenantal ethic that honors the earth as a covenantal partner. Since the Industrial Revolution, when Western Civilization went from being an agrarian culture to a mechanized one, we lost our reverence for the sanctity of the earth. In other words, modern industrialization and globalization are void of an ecological conscience and a covenantal respect for the earth. As a result, our planet is on the brink of an environmental catastrophe, because we have abused it. We have seen the earth (and we continue to see the earth) as a God-given resource that is meant to serve us.

Is there any hope? Can the doomsday clock be reversed? Hans Küng has argued that if we hope to survive, then the religions of the world need to search for viable solutions together. This can only be achieved through the practice of healthy and constructive, interfaith dialogue. Küng maintains that,

…at the present moment the world religions have a quite special responsibility for world peace. And the credibility of all religions, including the smaller ones, will in future depend on their putting more stress on what unites them and less on what divides them. For humankind can less and less afford religions stirring up wars on this earth instead of making peace; making people fanatical instead of seeking reconciliation; practicing superiority instead of engaging in dialogue.

Therefore, we need to borrow the words of the great social reformed, Karl Marx: the religions of the world need to unite and produce an ethic that honors the earth. The current ecological crisis calls for a new moral imperative. How the religions of the world respond will be a test to their faithfulness and a witness to their credibility. Let’s begin by looking at this word covenant that I have been using and how it is used in The Bible.

II: The Biblical Understanding of Covenant

Before we look at what a covenant is, though, we need to look at what it is not. A covenant is not a contract. A contract is a fundamental part of business law and, according to Black’s Law Dictionary, a contract is “An agreement between two or more persons which creates an obligation to do or not to do a particular thing. Its essentials are competent parties, subject matter, a legal consideration, mutuality of agreement, and mutuality of obligation.” A contract is usually established at the outset of a business agreement to ensure that the parties involved abide by the promises set within the parameters of the contract. If one (or more) of the parties defaults on his/her end of the agreement, then the contract establishes the grounds by which legal recourse — to provide some form of compensation or justice to the other party — can be sought. Contracts are egocentric: they are utilized to protect the interests (usually financial) of the parties involved. For example, when party A enters into a contract with party Z, party A has his/her best interests in mind. Party A is usually only concerned with the interests of party Z as long as party Z’s interests directly (or indirectly) benefit party A.

A covenant is different. A covenant describes a relationship of mutual love, support, and care, and covenants lie at the heart of the Judeo-Christian faith tradition. The problem, however, is that religions do not see themselves in covenant with one another nor do they see themselves in covenant with the land. For Christians and Jews, this is a blatant contradiction of what a covenant is.

The concept of covenant, and its ecological implications, has its roots in Judaism. The Hebrew understanding of covenant involves three parties: God, people, and the land. All three parties are active participants in a covenant. My ethics professor from seminary, renowned scholar William Johnson Everett, once wrote that, “The land, like the people, shared in a common holiness arising from its consecration to God.” Everett also reminds us that in the Hebrew tradition, Yahweh gives the Promised Land to Israel not as a gift, but as a trust. “God…took the land from the Canaanites,” he writes, “and gave it to Israel in the conquest. God gave it in trust and remained the owner.” Israel’s inheritance of the land, however, is conditional. In Genesis, Yahweh promises to Abraham and his descendants that they will receive the Promised Land as a perpetual inheritance as long as they obey the Lord’s commandments and keep the Lord’s statutes. Everett also maintains that, “This is why the first fruits of the land were to be offered to [God]. The tithe symbolized Israel’s recognition of God’s sovereignty and His laws for Israel’s life.” Israel’s recognition of God’s sovereignty and laws is also evident in their adherence to the Sabbath commandment: a “conviction that the whole Creation — and the Creator as well — needs rest, relief, from all labor.”

The other theological word that comes into play here is stewardship. In the biblical narrative, God does not give his/her people the land to do with as they please. They are called to be stewards of the land, to care for and honor it as a living, covenantal partner. This idea, however, needs to be unpacked carefully. From the Judeo-Christian perspective, stewardship is a relational trust with roots in the Creation story. Both before and after the Fall, Adam and Eve are called to be keepers of the land. This charge has often been misinterpreted: Adam and Eve are not called to hold the land in subjugation, nor is this command a license to abuse God’s good Creation. As Ernest Fortin writes, “As stewards or custodians rather than the owners of creation, [Adam and Eve] are to care for it and ‘guard’ it.” Indeed, after he is created, “The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to till it and keep it,” according to Genesis 2:15. Later, God provided Adam with “a helper as his partner.” After Adam and Eve’s disobedience is discovered, God punishes Adam by stating:

“cursed is the ground because of you; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; you are dust, and to dust you shall return.”

Throughout the history of Western culture, though, the consequence of Adam’s sin has been interpreted as divine punishment. This is somewhat of a misinterpretation. Adam, as stated above, is to be a keeper of the land before and after his sin. After he sins, his work becomes laborious, but his vocation does not change. It is interesting to note that one of Adam and Eve’s first descendants, Cain, is also called to be “a tiller of the ground” both before and after he kills his brother, Abel. As with his father, Cain’s work becomes more difficult as a result of his disobedience: “’When you till the ground, it will no longer yield to you its strength,” Yahweh tells Cain.

And still there are a host of other biblical examples from both the Old and the New Testaments. The point is simply that to be a religious person (whether one is Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Muslim, or an adherent of any number of other faiths) to be a religious person means that one is to be a steward of God’s good earth.

Also, people of faith need to start recognizing that the covenants that bind us to one another go beyond the bounds of human relationships. A covenantal paradigm that involves God, people, and the land must also include the entire ecosystem: all species of animals, fish, micro-organisms, and vegetation. The earth is not just the theatre of our existence, but a complex, living biosphere which hosts a myriad of intricate and interdependent life forms. Human beings are just one in a myriad of species. The fact that we are the most advanced and intelligent places the burden of responsibility (for lack of a better phrase) on us all the more. As Nancy Wright and Donald Kill state, “To be a steward is to be a servant.”

III: The Necessity for Interfaith Dialogue

As Hans Küng mentioned in the quote I shared with you earlier, “humankind can less and less afford religions stirring up wars on this earth instead of making peace; making people fanatical instead of seeking reconciliation; practicing superiority instead of engaging in dialogue.” How true! There is a sense in which people of faith feel that in order to be “faithful,” they need to prove that their religion is the only road to God and that all other faiths are false, if not heretical. Now aside from the fact that this reveals a great deal of insecurity, it also creates an atmosphere that is combative and competitive. Such an environment breeds intolerance and hatred. It does not lead religions to do what they are called to do: to make God’s message of love, understanding, and cooperation a reality. In terms of the environmental crisis, interfaith dialogue and collaboration is not only a theological ideal; it is absolutely essential if the religions of the world want to really save the world — if they want to rescue it from ecological collapse.

When it comes to interfaith dialogue, people usually subscribe to one of three categories. (Now I am going to discuss these categories from a Christian perspective, but one could view any religion through these categories.) The first is exclusivism. A Christian exclusivist believes that only Christians are saved. Everyone else is doomed to the fires of hell. Either you accept Jesus Christ as your personal Lord and Savior (to quote the common catch phrase) or you will not be saved. Inclusivism is the second category. An inclusivist believes that other religions are legitimate paths to God: Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, Confucianism, and Taoism, among other faiths, are all viable means of salvation. An inclusivist, however, believes that these roads are valid because, somehow, Jesus Christ is at work in these religions. In other words, to use the words of another Roman Catholic theologian, Karl Rahner, people of other faiths are anonymous Christians. They are saved through Christ whether they realize it or not. The third category is pluralism. A pluralist believes that all religions (in and of themselves) are legitimate ways to God. A Muslim is a Muslim, not an anonymous Christian. Ramon Panikkar explains this by employing a popular metaphor: each religion is a separate path up a mountain. All paths lead to the summit, where they find God. And still there are others, like John Cobb, John Hick, and Mark Heim, who describe the diverse roads that separate religions follow in different ways. Suffice it to say, a pluralist sees and honors the legitimacy of all faiths.

Now, I can see that many of you are sitting there wondering, “Am I a pluralist? Yeah, that sounds right. No, maybe I’m an inclusivist. Actually, I’m an exclusivist! Does that make me a bad person.” View your own faith whichever way you want. That’s fine. In a sense, I don’t care. But even if you are an exclusivist, you must, for the sake of the environment and the integrity of your own religion, you must approach interfaith dialogue as a pluralist if we have any hope of resuscitating this fragile planet. Christians, Jews, Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, and followers of various Native American Nature Religions (Native Americans have a great deal to teach us about having a genuine reverence for the earth, by the way), people of different faiths need to see each other as covenantal partners called to dialogue with one another to find viable solutions to the ecological crisis.

A paradigm shift needs to take place: a shift in which all the parties to dialogue see one another, and especially the earth, as inextricably bound together in the entire ecological drama. If this does not happen, then we risk succumbing to a more quarrelsome approach to interfaith relationships. Actually, we risk far, far more.

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Living simply even unto death: Caskets made by Trappists monks

By Steve Nicely 

First-time visitors to the gift shop at the New Melleray Trappist Monastery near Dubuque, Iowa, confront a display of unusual merchandise. There, with the holy cards and jars of honey, are several burial caskets “hand-crafted by monks” from lumber harvested in the abbey’s 1,100-acre forest.

Jeanne Quann, who volunteers at the gift shop about 30 hours a week, seems comfortable explaining the features of each coffin model.

The simple, rectangular model with flat surfaces and a screw-down lid goes for $875 in white pine or $975 in oak. Next are the European-shaped models wider at the shoulders than at the ends, but still with flat surfaces. They are $975 in pine and $995 in oak. Finally, the premium models range from $1,695 in oak to $2,075 for the top-of-the-line walnut casket. They feature raised panel joinery, compound miters and premium-grade lumber. View them on the website,

Quann said she has selected the most economical model for herself, “because I know where it’s going and I hope I’m not staying where it’s going. There is no need for anything more.”

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